Publications

Working Paper No. 231 | April 1998

The Hierarchy of Money

This paper attempts to bring together several of Hyman P. Minsky's insights in order to suggest a relationship between the state's ability to tax and the money of the economy. Minsky recognized that money represents an IOU or promise to pay and that "acceptability" is its important feature. He further recognized that the State can play an important role in determining whose IOUs will be accepted (both publicly and privately). I will argue that support for the Chartalist vision of money as a 'creature of the State' can be found in Minsky. Finally, I will apply the Chartalist theory to Minsky's notion of a 'hierarchy of money' in order to suggest that the State determines not only the unit in which all of the monies in the hierarchy are denominated but also influences the positioning of certain monies within the hierarchy.


Publication Highlight

Testimony
Statement of Senior Scholar L. Randall Wray to the House Budget Committee, US House of Representatives
Reexamining the Economic Costs of Debt
Author(s): L. Randall Wray, Yeva Nersisyan
November 2019

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