Public Policy Brief Highlights No. 44A | September 1998
The Asian Disease: Plausible Diagnoses, Possible Remedies
Regulation of Cross-border Interbank Lending and Derivatives Trade
Asia presents a cumulation of apparently rational decisions that produced disastrous results—a textbook illustration of "financial instability" developing from the economics of euphoria. A combination of factors produced the crisis as enormous capital inflows were drawn to the "Asian miracle"-pegged exchange rates with fluctuating interest rates, integrated economies, moral hazard created by central banks, and short-term lending and derivatives trade without sufficient evaluation of risk and credit analysis of borrowers. The Asian tragedy demonstrates the need for improved regulation of cross-border interbank lending, improved accounting for both borrowers and lenders, and separation of the close links between governments and their banking sector.