Publications

Policy Note 2002/2 | February 2002

The Brazilian Swindle and the Larger International Monetary Problem

The International Monetary Fund has offered Brazil a $30 billion loan, most of it reserved for next year, on condition that the country continue to run a large primary surplus in the government budget. In this way the Fund maintains a strong arm over Brazil's next government. Any significant move toward fiscal expansion would trigger revocation of the promised loan, followed by capital market chaos. Or so one is led to suppose.


Publication Highlight

Summary Vol. 30, No. 3
Summary Fall 2021
Author(s): Elizabeth Dunn, Michael Stephens
November 2021

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